AvianDiversity » A Connoisseur's Eye » Birds » Rails, Crakes and Coots

Order: GRUIFORMES Family: Rallidae


Rallidae, the rail family, a bird family that includes the species known as rail, coot, crake, and gallinule. They are are terrestrial, marsh and aquatic birds. They frequent watersides of freshwater marshes and lakes.
These birds are often seen walking on exposed muddy areas, or clambering among the emergent vegetation. However, coots and moorhens usually spend most of the day swimming in open water.

Rallidae have short, broad, rounded wings, but they often are flightless. Theses birds prefer to run to escape predators, rather than to take off. But several species are migratory and able to fly.

There are approximately 411 Species in the world out of which approximate 17 Species are found in India.

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